April 8, 2024

AWS EKS Cost Optimization

Maximizing Infrastructure Cost Savings with AWS EKS Kubernetes and AWS Karpenter


Managing infrastructure costs effectively is a crucial concern for DevOps and development companies. AWS EKS (Elastic Kubernetes Service) and AWS Karpenter provide powerful solutions for achieving cost savings while maintaining scalability and performance. In this blog post, we will explore the step-by-step process of setting up AWS EKS, integrating AWS Karpenter, and leveraging spot instances to optimize infrastructure costs.


Step 1: Setting up AWS EKS with Code
  1. Create an Amazon EKS cluster using AWS CloudFormation:

AWSTemplateFormatVersion: '2010-09-09'
   Type: AWS::EKS::Cluster
     Name: my-cluster
         - sg-xxxxxxxx
         - subnet-xxxxxxxx
         - subnet-xxxxxxxx

  1. Deploy the CloudFormation stack to create the EKS cluster:

Step 2: Integrating AWS Karpenter with EKS and Spot Instances
  1. Install the Karpenter controller using kubectl:

kubectl apply -f
  1. Enable spot instances for the Karpenter provisioner by creating a spot provisioner configuration file:

  1. Apply the spot provisioner configuration:

kubectl apply -f spot-provisioner.yaml
Step 3: Configuring Worker Nodes with Spot Instances
  1. Create a node group configuration file to define worker nodes with spot instances:

kind: ClusterConfig
 name: my-cluster
 - name: my-spot-nodegroup
   labels: spot-provisioner
     spotInstancePools: 2
     - instanceType: t3.medium
  1. Create the worker nodes using eksctl:

eksctl create nodegroup --config-file=worker-nodes.yaml


Effectively managing infrastructure costs is crucial for DevOps and development companies. By leveraging AWS EKS Kubernetes and AWS Karpenter, businesses can achieve significant cost savings. This blog post covered the step-by-step process of setting up AWS EKS, integrating AWS Karpenter, and utilizing spot instances to optimize infrastructure costs.

By following the outlined steps, businesses can create an EKS cluster, integrate Karpenter with spot instances, and configure worker nodes to maximize cost efficiency. The use of spot instances allows organizations to leverage spare EC2 capacity, resulting in reduced infrastructure costs. With EKS and Karpenter, businesses can dynamically scale resources, optimize utilization, and deliver high-performance applications while minimizing expenses.


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